Where to go for license, if you are Yandex AV?
Yesterday Yandex announced it had received the license for its autonomous vehicle (AV) operation in Nevada. Yandex is known for its innovative approaches in Russia, hence, it may seem as small step for the USA, because a bunch of companies already operate and test its autonomous vehicles in Nevada or California, but it is huge step for the innovators from outside the USA, because the states legislation enables testing the driverless vehicles in car-centered society.
It also may have broken the prejudices that the USA government gradually imposes protectionist measures and subsequently closing internal market for foreigners.
The USA being real federation left traffic regulations on state level, therefore, there is no unified approach towards traffic regulations in general, and regulations to operate autonomous vehicle in particular. Nevada is not alone in creating transparent and attractive legal framework for innovations in this field. California or Arizona both have richer history in allowing driverless cars to operate on public roads. The reader may ask question: why then Nevada? The answer is simple – there will be international exhibition CES 2019 where Yandex will be able to demonstrate AV of own development. Well, it is evident that the license was arranged for the event but the most important thing is that license in one state does not ensure operation in other state. The entity shall go through the bureaucracy in all states where the AV are allowed to be tested or operated, currently there are 30 states in the USA which somehow allow operation or tests of AV on public roads.
Hence, the announcement may be festive but the motives were prosaic. Hence, let us offer Yandex next destinations to present AV on ICT event.
The market preparedness for AV depends many variables. Not far ago the KPMG released report where it analyzed countries on the matter of embracing the AV. The KMPG probed the countries and ranked by summarizing angles of each country: legislation, infrastructure, consumer acceptance and technologies development.
Netherlands.
The first place is taken by the Netherlands because it is ranked among the first four in all variables. Dutch roads are well maintained, cell connection is almost everywhere, diverse network vehicle charging points and etc. Customers' relative acceptance may seem lower than in others but it may be caused overall satisfaction of existing transport system.

Next year in 05-07 Nov 2019 there will be fair ICT and Logistics where the Yandex will have an opportunity to show its working prototype, moreover, according to the Dutch law the vehicles without driver can be tried. The latter seems to be in conflict with Vienna Convention on Traffic control which states that "human driver must always remain fully in control of and responsible for the behavior of their vehicle in traffic".
Singapore.
Singapore loses to the Netherlands only because it has worse infrastructure than the Netherlands. The Singapore legislation allows testing of AV on public roads, however, AV trials shall start on lightly used roads and graduate to more congested environments only after the AV is ready for such environment. All tests shall be logged properly, so, the investigations can be undertaken smoothly.

Luckily, there is huge event where Yandex may show up with fresh test on Singapore soil. The event is called Communicasia which is dedicated to telecommunications and their impact on real life, hence, Yandex may cooperate with local operator to showcase the instance of ITmobility.

Sweden.
SAAB disappeared but the mobility in Sweden did not. Sweden takes the fourth position (after USA), but long distances and relatively low population density makes car a part of everyday life. Furthermore, high technologies are accessible and Swedish carmakers invest heavily into AV segment, for instance, Volvo projects with Uber.

Yandex may take advantage of high acceptability of high technologies, experience of local car makers to collaborate in AV, luckily Swedish Road Transportation Authority can, as of July 2017, authorize permits and supervise trials of AVs. In November 2019, there will be fair named IpExpoNordic.

United Arab Emirates.
The UAE is highly ranked due to embracing high technologies and openness to approaches in regulating AVs. Eventually, there is special department in the UAE transport department. Furthermore, the country is transforming from oil dependent economy to financial and high-tech hub in Middle East which lead the technological companies to deploy capital and resources to take advantage of transformation.

There will be prominent event named GITEX (October 2019) where Yandex is capable to unveil its vision of future automated mobility in the region of Middle East.



Such giants in innovations in mobility innovations as Japan, UK, Germany and etc. were mentioned above only because we did choose countries upon events, regional diversity and simplicity of procedures to test and operate AV.
Which country do you consider the most attractive to test AV in?

Author of the article
Kastrama Siarhei